Regional Development Project

RDP2-Environmental Awareness and Community Mobilization, Regional Development Project

Phase I  focused on 9 islands; 2 islands from Laamu Atoll and 1 island in Thaa Atoll, 2 islands from Lhaviyani Atoll and 1 island in Noonu Atoll, 2 islands in Alif Dhaal Atoll and 1 island in Alif Alif Atoll. Based on lessons learnt from Phase I, Live & Learn replicated specific outputs (Phase II) with a further 11 selected islands across 7 atolls namely; 2 islands in Dhaalu Atoll and 1 island in Faafu Atoll, 2 islands from Meemu Atoll and 1 island in Vaavu Atoll, 2 islands in Baa Atoll and 1 island in Raa Atoll and 2 islands in Kaafu Atoll. To maximize opportunities to build local capacity an adapted “Train‐the‐Trainer” approach was used during both Phase I and Phase II.

This approach was used to promote increased sustainability and community empowerment for the project.

Project Description

On the 28 April 2006 the Asian Development Bank approved a Project for $6 million equivalent for the Regional Development Project (Phase II). The project seeks to promote regional development to support equitable access to social services and therefore, relieve Male’ of intense development population and environmental pressures. The project goal is to increase the standard of living in the Central Regions. The project objective is to improve environmental and land management through a community-centred approach. The project includes a balance of institutional, infrastructure, and environmental improvements in the focus islands and their region. The project will help safeguard public health and the environment, support community and private sector participation in waste management and sanitation, and increase public awareness of responsible environmental management practices. The project combines policy improvement, capacity building, and investment in physical facilities. 

To accomplish its objective, the Project has three closely interrelated components:

(i) Part A: Improving environmental infrastructure. This covers:

  • Sanitation and sewerage improvements,
  • Water supply, and sanitation,
  • Integrated solid waste management.

(ii) Part B: Strengthening planning and environmental management. This includes:

  • land-use planning and management,
  • Formulation of an economic development framework study for the regional growth centres,
  • Developing an environmental awareness program, and
  • Environmental monitoring.

(iii) Part C: Building management and implementation capacity. This covers:

  • Community mobilization facilitation, and
  • Institutional strengthening for improved project management.


Objective 1: Strengthen planning and environmental management through the development and implementation of a community based environmental awareness program.

This outcome would focus on conducting a RAP in the 3 focus islands and documenting the community perceptions of environmental issues of concern in the Central Region. The findings of the RAP have fed into the revision of the toolkits developed under the TA 4614 and development of other trainings.  Community awareness and understanding of environmental management issues will be enhanced through the training sessions conducted by the community.

Objective 2: Build management and implementation capacity in islands of the Central Region through community mobilization and facilitation.

Approaches to community organization for environmental management in the Maldives were reviewed and a preferred approach refined in consultation with the implementing agency. PIU and PMU dialogue and mobilization skills strengthened through the TOT trainings. Review cooperative models, discuss with key stakeholders and develop potential framework for community-based operation and maintenance of infrastructure. Where appropriate, prepare and deliver training packages for community-based operation and maintenance of communal services, such as water tanks.